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Maternal health care in vietnam: demand for antenatal care and choice of delivery care services

(A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS IN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS, VIETNAM – THE NETHERLANDS PROGRAMME FOR M.A IN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS)

By Nguyen Thi Hoai Trang (VNP 19)

Academic Supervisor: Dr. Truong Dang Thuy

ABSTRACT:

This thesis research aims to analyze the impact of individual characteristics, household characteristic and communities in utilization of maternal health care services in Vietnam. Using the latest data of Vietnam’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2013-2014, it employs the Negative Nominal Model for demand of prenatal care visits and Multinomial Logistic Model for the choice of delivery facility. Suffering the burden of taking care more children, lower education level, lower household wealth index, belong to the ethnic minority group, living in rural and the community with higher illiteracy ratio and poverty rate adversely affect the demand of prenatal care and the choice of delivery facility. The results suggest the improvement of maternal health program in rural and underdeveloped areas as well as universal education over the country, especially for the ethnic minority group.

Keywords: Keywords: prenatal care visits, the choice of delivery facility, individual characteristics, household characteristics, community characteristics, Vietnam.

Abbreviations: ANC-Antenatal Care, GSO- General Statistics Office, IMR- Infant Mortality Ratio, MDG-Millennium Development Goals, MICS-Multiple indicator cluster survey, MMR-Maternal Mortality Ratio, WHO-World Health Organization

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Full version is available at Library of Vietnam- Netherland Progamme: 1A Hoang Dieu, Phu Nhuan Dist, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.